Paush Purnima: Know Pujan Vidhi, Significance & Associated Mantras!

Purnimas and Amavasyas hold high significance in Hinduism. On one side, Amavasya is the last day of Krishna Paksha while on the other, Purnima is considered to be the last day of Shukla Paksha. People celebrate both of them differently. The Moon is visible completely on the day Purnima while the same does not appear on Amavasya. Every month, a festival takes place on the day of Purnima.  

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Although many Purnima Tithis fall in a year but Paush Purnima and Magha Purnima hold special importance. The days of Paush Purnima and Magha Purnima are considered to be best for those people who have faith in Hinduism.   

Paush Purnima in the Year 2021

January 28, 2021 i.e. Thursday

Paush Purnima Vrat Muhurat 

Purnima Tithi Begins at 01:18:48 on January 28, 2021

Purnima Tithi Ends at 00:47:17 on January 29, 2021

The above mentioned Muhurat is applicable for Delhi only. Click here to know the Paush Purnima Muhurat of your city

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Significance of Paush Purnima

The Magha month commences after the end of the Paush month. The tradition of taking a bath in the month of Magha starts from the day of Paush Purnima.  Therefore, the day of Paush Purnima is considered to be important for those who pray for the attainment of salvation (Moksha). There is a belief among people that whosoever takes a bath early morning and worships with due rituals on this day, attains salvation. Besides this, each day of Magha month is considered to be fruitful and auspicious. Therefore, starting any new work from this very is considered to be highly beneficial.       

People perform donations as per their financial ability on this day. In addition to this, it is said that Paush month is the month of Surya Dev and Purnima is the Tithi when the Moon shines completely. Thus, the union of the Sun and the Moon helps to fulfil all the desires of one’s life and eradicates all the hindrances. 

Paush Purnima Vrat & Pujan Vidhi 

Several people perform worship and observe fast on Paush Purnima and both are considered to be fruitful and beneficial. Along with this, the tradition of worshipping Lord Sun has been followed on this day. Now, let us know about Paush Purnima Vrat and associated Pujan Vidhi.    

  • Wake up early in the morning and take an oath to fast on the day of Paush Purnima.  
  • After this, take a bath in a holy river or Kund and offer prayers to Varun Devta. 
  • Further, offer water to the Sun while reciting Surya Mantra. 
  • Now, follow the tradition of venerating Lord Madhusudan and offer Naivedya to him in worship. 
  • Furthermore, serve food to a needy or a Brahmin and give donation as per your financial capacity.
  • One can also donate sesame, jaggery, blanket and woollen clothes on the same day.

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Significance of Venerating Maa Lakshmi on Purnima

It is believed that Maa Lakshmi descends on earth in the Purnima night and blesses her devotees with peace, prosperity and wealth. In this context, one can get the blessings of Maa Lakshmi by worshipping her on this day.    

  • People light a lamp/Diya before the idols of Lord Ganesha, Devraj Indra and Maa Lakshmi in the worship of this day.
  • It is believed that Maa Laksmi is attracted by aromatic items. In this pretext, one can offer lotus flowers and rose perfume to her. 
  • Light fragrant incense sticks. 
  • Offer Kheer to Maa Lakshmi as Prasad and eat it after the worship.

Offer water to the Moon, the brother of Devi Lakshmi, and recite the following Mantra –

ज्योत्‍सनापते नमस्तुभ्‍यं नमस्ते ज्योतिषामपतेः नमस्ते रोहिणिकांतं अर्ध्‍यं मे प्रतिग्रह्यताम

ॐ सोमाय नम:

ॐ रोहिणिकांताय नम:

ॐ चन्द्रमसे नम:

क्षीरोदार्णव सम्भूतम अत्रिनेत्र समुद्भव ग्रहाणार्ध्‍यंग शशांकेमं रोहिण्यांसहितोमम्

ॐ सोमाय नम:

ॐ रोहिणिकांताय नम:

jyot‍sanāpate namastubh‍yaṃ namaste jyotiṣāmapateḥ namaste rohiṇikāṃtaṃ 

ardh‍yaṃ me pratigrahyatāma

oṃ somāya nama:

oṃ rohiṇikāṃtāya nama:

oṃ candramase nama:

kṣīrodārṇava sambhūtama atrinetra samudbhava grahāṇārdh‍yaṃga śaśāṃkemaṃ rohiṇyāṃsahitomam

oṃ somāya nama:

oṃ rohiṇikāṃtāya nama:

One can also recite this Mantra “ॐ सोमाय नमः /  oṃ somāya namaḥ:”. Also, perform Jagran on the night of this day. 

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Perform the Following Rituals on Paush Purnima

Apply mustard oil on your body and take a bath by adding some perfume in water. 

  • Pour pure ghee on the idol of Laddu Gopal. 
  • Recite the Mantras of Shri Hari Vishnu, Devraj and Jupiter.  

Where to Take a Bath on Paush Purnima?

Taking a dip in Dashashwamedh Ghat in Varanasi and at the meeting place of three rivers: the Saraswati, Yamuna, and Ganga is considered to be highly sacred. People take a  resolve to take a bath till Purnima of Magha month. Those who can’t go to Varanasi, can remember Prayagraj while taking a bath in a holy river or Sarovar.   

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Activities Performed on Paush Purnima 

Many religious activities are organised at several pilgrimage sites on the day of Paush Purnima. The festivals in Prayagraj begin from this day and taking a bath holds high significance. As per religious scholars, one should take an oath on Paush Purnima to take a bath during Magha month. Shakambhari Jayanti is also celebrated on the day of Paush Purnima. In addition to this, the followers of Jain community start their pilgrimage trips from this day. Along with this, tribals in rural areas celebrate Charta festival in Chhattisgarh on the same day.    

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