Parsva Ekadashi 2021: Significance, Rituals & Associated Legends

As per the Hindu Panchang, Parsva Ekadashi falls in the Shukla Paksha on the eleventh day of Bhadrapada month. Hence, the name ‘Ekadashi’ is given to this occasion. It is an auspicious festival for the Hindu community. According to the Gregorian calendar, the fast of Parsva Ekadashi is observed in the month of August or September.

Parsva Ekadashi is celebrated during “Dakshinayana Punyakalam”. It signifies the nighttime of the gods. This Hindu festival is considered very auspicious and fortunate when it occurs during the “Chaturmas” period. It is also known by the name “Parsva Parivartini Ekadashi”. This name was given because some people believe that it was during this time when Lord Vishnu shifted his position from the left side to the right side while taking a rest. This is why, at many places across the country Lord Vamana, the incarnation of Lord Vishnu, is worshipped on this day.

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Parsva Ekadashi Vrat 2021: Shubh Muhurat

This year, Parsva Ekadashi is falling on September 17.

Parsva Ekadashi Parana Time06:07:10 to 08:34:22 on September 18, 2021
Duration2 Hour 27 Minute

Significance of Parsva Ekadashi 2021 

Parsva Ekadashi Vrat is observed by the devotees with utmost faith and dedication. It is being observed for ages. It is believed that by observing the Parsva Ekadashi fast, people are bestowed with wealth, good health, and happiness. Devotees also believe that this fast when observed with dedication, can relieve the observer from the sins of the past and relieve the person from their Karmic cycle. This fast also helps individuals in achieving high spirituality gains and strengthening their will power. 

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Rituals of Parsva Ekadashi 2021

  • The devotees observe a fast on the eve of the Parsva Ekadashi. 
  • Devotees observe this fast for a whole day. It starts at the time of sunrise of Ekadashi and ends with Dwadashi Tithi. Devotees can consume one meal during the day, but it must be before sunrise.
  • The Parsva Ekadashi Vrat comes to an end only after offering prayers to Lord Vishnu and serving food to the Brahmins.
  • Everyone is forbidden from cooking and eating rice, beans, and grains on the eve of Parsva Ekadashi.
  • Devotees observing fast must recite Mantras and sing Bhajans (devotional songs) to please the deity. 

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Parsva Ekadashi Vrat Katha

The Parsva Ekadashi Vrat Katha is associated with the demon Mahabali and Vamana Avatar of Lord Vishnu. According to the legend, the evil king, Bali, lived in the Tretayuga period. He followed dharma to rule his kingdom and was generous and charitable, yet, he was cruel in nature. He was mighty, and he conquered the world. One day, he decided to conduct Aswamedha Yaga and made necessary arrangements for it. Indra got worried about Bali’s decision of conquering heaven and replacing Indra with his throne. Therefore, he summoned Lord Vishnu for help.

This is when Lord Vishu incarnated as Vamana and defeated Bali.

Lord Vishnu took the incarnation of Vamana, his fifth main avatar, which was of a dwarf Brahmin boy. He went to Bali’s court and asked him if he could give him land that was thrice the size of Vamana’s foot. Bali agreed thinking that a little boy would have little feet. Bali’s guru Shuracharya understood that the boy was no ordinary person but Lord Vishnu. He warned Bali, but he refused to take his words back.

With the first step, Lord Vishnu covered the earth. With the second step, he covered the sky. It made Bali understand that the Brahmin boy was Lord Vishnu. He accepted his defeat and offered his head to Lord Vishnu. Vamana kept his last step on Bali’s head. He was sent to Patala Loka. 

Therefore, on this day, devotees who observe the fast worship Vamana and read this Katha. 

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