Parivartini Ekadashi Special: Know Shubh Muhurat, Rituals and Legend!

The fast of Parivartini Ekadashi is going to be observed on August 29, Saturday. This day, Vamana Dev, the incarnation of Lord Vishnu, is worshipped. It is said that those who worship Vamana Dev receive fruits equal to that of Vajpayee Yagya and a person gets free from all sins. Parivartini Ekadashi is known by many names like Parshva Ekadashi, Vaman Ekadashi, Jayzhulani Ekadashi, Padma Ekadashi, Dole Gyaras and Jayanti Ekadashi. In this fast, worshipping Vamana Dev along with Maa Lakshmi is considered to be the best.

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Ekadashi Tithi of every month is considered very special in Hindu religion. The Eleventh Tithi of Hindu Panchang is called Ekadashi. Ekadashi means ‘Eleven’. Parivartini Ekadashi has its special significance among all Ekadashis falling in a year. That is why the fast is observed on this day and Vamana Dev is worshipped with all rituals. Let us tell you in detail all events pertaining to this day.  

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Auspicious Timings for Parivartini Ekadashi

Parsva Ekadashi Parana Muhurat From 05:58:16 upto 08:31:29 August, 30
Duration 2 Hours 33 Minutes
  • Ekadashi Tithi Begins: From 08:40:04, 28 August 2020
  • Ekadashi Tithi Ends: Ekadashi upto 08:19:18, on 29 August 2020

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Why Is This Ekadashi Known As Parivartini Ekadashi?

It is believed that Lord Vishnu sleeps during the months of Chaumas i.e. Ashadha, Shravan, Bhado and Ashwin, and therefore, every auspicious work should be avoided during these four months. 

Lord Vishnu wakes up directly on the day of Devuthani Ekadashi, but there comes a time during Chaumas when Shri Hari Vishnu takes a turn side to side while sleeping. This time takes place on the Ekadashi Tithi of Shukla Paksha during Bhado (Bhadrapada) month. Due to this act of tossing from side to side carried out by Lord Vishnu, this Ekadashi is called Parivartini Ekadashi. Those who observe this fast attain Heaven after death and all the sufferings fade away. Just by hearing reciting the legend of Parivartini Ekadashi, one attains fruits equal to thousands of Ashwamedha Yagya.

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Significance of Parivartini Ekadashi Fast

According to Hindu beliefs, if one observes the fast of Parivartini Ekadashi wholeheartedly, then he or she is blessed by Lord Vishnu. Parivartini Ekadashi fast is mentioned in the Puranas, according to which one is blessed with the fruit equal to that of Vajpayee Yagya. This fast must be observed with proper rituals. Vamana, the incarnation of Lord Vishnu, is specially worshipped on this day. Fasting this day brings name and fame in one’s life and all wishes are fulfilled. Also, one attains salvation (Moksha) by observing this fast. It is said that whoever observes this fast wholeheartedly and sincerely gets rid of the sins committed knowingly or unknowingly.

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Puja Vidhi for Parivartini Ekadashi Fast

The fast of Parivartini Ekadashi fulfils all desires of a person if observed sincerely. This fast begins one day before, i.e. on the day of Dashami and hence, all the rituals. Let us know the rituals pertaining to the same.

  • A person who observes fast of Ekadashi should not consume any food starting from Dashami Tithi i.e. one day before fast after sunset. On the day of Dashami, one should take satvik food and sleep while remembering Shri Hari at night.
  • Wake up early in the morning and take a bath on the day of fast. Now, wear clean clothes and take a vow while concluding to perform the fast. 
  • Clean the place where the ritual is performed and sprinkle Ganga Jal. Then, place an idol or a photo of Vishnu Ji. 
  • Light a diya filled with Ghee before the idol of Lord Vishnu.
  • Worship Lord Vishnu with all rituals and offer Akshat, flowers, fruits, etc. Tulsi leaves must be included in the worship.
  • After this, perform Aarti of Lord Vishnu by lighting incense sticks and recite or hear the legend of Parivartini Ekadashi.
  • On the day of fast, one should not lie and speak ill of others. Besides this, donating copper, rice and curd are considered to be beneficial.  
  • Those who observe fast should not eat grains but they can eat fruits after performing worship in the Evening. 
  • Offer food or donate money to a needy person or a Brahmin and then break the fast by consuming something after the sunrise on Dwadashi, the very next day of Ekadashi.

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Legend of Parivartini Ekadashi 

Those who observe fast on the day of Parivartini Ekadashi must read or listen to the legend of Vamana, the incarnation of Lord Vishnu. According to mythological beliefs, Lord Krishna first told about the significance of Parvatini Ekadashi on the request of Arjuna during the period of Mahabharata. According to the legend, there was a demon named Bali in Treta Yuga, who had been a devotee of Lord Vishnu. Bali was charitable by nature, truthful and respected Brahmins. He always performed Yagya, penance etc.

King Bali became very powerful owing to his devotion. He had a feeling of enmity with Devraj Indra, due to which he captured Indraloka, took Devraj Indra’s place and started ruling on other Gods. Frightened and being fed up with Bali, Devraj Indra along with other Gods went to Lord Vishnu for help and prayed to him for protection. Then, Vishnu Ji took the incarnation of Vamana to protect Gods, visited Bali as a young Brahmin child and defeated him with an intellectual mindset.  

Vamana, the incarnated form of Lord Vishnu, tested King Bali. Bali had already conquered all the three worlds but he had a quality of not letting any Brahmins go empty-handed and always donated whatever they demanded. Vamana Dev demanded three steps of land from Bali. The demon, Guru Shukracharya, who was present over there, understood the trick played by Vamana and alerted Bali. In spite of that, Bali accepted the demand of Vamana and promised to give him what he desired.

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As soon as he got the promise, Lord Vishnu took his huge form and measured the earth with one foot and Heaven with the heel of the other foot and Brahmaloka with the paws. Now, King Bali was left with nothing for the third foot. Hence, fulfilling his promise, Bali surrendered his head unto the feet of Lord Vamana and Vamana put his third leg on Bali’s head. Lord Vamana was pleased with the fulfilment of the promise and made him the master of the underworld with the assurance that he would always remain by his side. 

An idol of Lord Vishnu always remains with King Bali on the day of Parivartini Ekadashi while the second rests on the Sheshnag in the Ksheer Sagar. On this very day, Lord Vishnu takes a turn or tosses from side to side while sleeping.

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