Navratri 2023: Chaitra Shukla Pratipada is the first day of the Hindu New Year, according to the Hindu calendar (Vikram Samvat 2080). As stated in the Brahma Purana, Lord Brahma created the universe on this day, and Satyuga begins on this day as well. Another legend holds that Shri Hari Lord Vishnu took the form of a fish on Chaitra Shukla Pratipada. The start of Chaitra Navratri 2023 will correspond with the start of the Hindu New Year, and begin on March 22nd, 2023, till March 31st, 2023, on Dashami Tithi with Chaitra Navratri Parana.
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Chaitra Navratri is a Hindu festival that is celebrated in the spring season, usually in the months of March or April. It is a nine-day festival that is dedicated to the worship of the Goddess Durga and her various incarnations. During the nine days of Navratri, people observe fasts, perform rituals, and offer prayers to the goddess Durga. Each day is associated with a particular form of the goddess, and devotees offer special prayers and perform specific rituals to honor that particular form. On the first day of Navratri, people worship Shailaputri, the daughter of the Himalayas. “Shail” means the ‘mountains’ and “Putri” means ‘daughter.’ She is depicted as a serene and peaceful deity, who rides a bull and holds a trident and a lotus flower in her hands. People offer flowers, fruits, and sweets to the goddess and recite hymns and prayers in her honor. People also install urns, or the Kalash Sthapna, or Ghatasthapana, on the first day of Chaitra Navratri.
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According to legend, if Ghatasthapana is not performed at an auspicious moment, Mata Rani becomes enraged. Therefore, with this blog by AstroSage, let us learn the significance of Ghatasthapana in detail, along with rules and rituals to follow while worshiping Goddess Shailputri, and some zodiac-wise remedies to perform on this day to please Goddess Durga and her first form, Goddess Shailputri.
The Significance & Auspicious Time for Ghatasthapana
In Hinduism, Lord Ganesha is worshiped before beginning any ceremony or auspicious occasion. Ghatasthapana or Kalash Sthapana is necessary on the first day of Navaratri because Kalash has been given the name of Lord Ganesha in our religion. It is said that if Ghatasthapana is not performed at an auspicious time and in a proper way, Goddess Durga becomes enraged. Hence it is critical to understand the auspicious time and approach.
Ghatasthapana Time: From 6:23 am to 7:32 am on March 22nd, 2023
Duration: 1 hour 8 minutes
Rules To Follow While Performing the Ghatasthapana
- Ghatasthapana is best practiced during the first third of the day.
- Other than that, Ghatasthapana can be performed in Abhijeet Muhurta.
- Kalash Sthapana, according to beliefs, should not be performed during Kichitra Nakshatra or Vaidhriti Yoga. However, this period is not entirely prohibited.
- The ritual should be done before the middle of the day.
- On the morning of the first day of Chaitra Navratri, the Ascendant is Pisces and it is considered auspicious to perform the Ghatasthapana during this period.
- Pushya, Uttaraphalguni, Uttarashada, Uttarabhadrapada, Hasta, Revati, Rohini, Ashwini, Mool, Shravan, Dhanishtha, and Punarvasu, among others, are particularly auspicious for Ghatasthapana.
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Important Materials Required for Ghatasthapana
- An earthen pot with a wide mouth
- Soil from a sacred place
- Saptadhaanya (7 types of grains)
- Kalash or Urn
- Supari or Betel
- Mango or Ashoka Leaves
- Tufted Coconut
- A red colored cloth
- Durva (Dub grass)
- Vermilion or Sindoor
Method of Ghatasthapana
- First, take the earthen pot with the wide mouth and fill it with the soil from the sacred place. Sow seven grains in it.
- Put the urn filled with water on it. Tie the Kalava on the upper part of the urn or the Kalash.
- Add the mango or Ashoka leaves on top of the Kalash.
- Tie the tufted coconut with a red cloth and the Kalava. Put the covered coconut on top of the Kalash in between the leaves.
- After completing the Ghatasthapana, worship Goddess Durga and welcome her to your life.
Vrat Sankalp Mantra
Devotees who observe fast for the whole 9 days should take the vow with the following mantra:
Om vishnuh vishnuh vishnuh, adya brahmano vayasah parardhe shrishvetavarahakalpe jambudvIpe bharatavarshe, amukanamasamvatsare chaitrashuklapratipadi amukavasare prarabhamane navaratraparvani etasu navatithishu akhilapapakshayapurvaka-shruti-smrrityukta-punyasamaveta-sarvasukhopalabdhaye samyamadiniyamaan drridhm palayan amukagotrah amukanamaham bhagavatyah durgayah prasadaya vratam vidhasye !!
Note: Chanting of the mantra should be correct and clear. In this mantra, there are a few words that might be difficult to pronounce and must be emphasized in the correct places. For example, in the word Amukanamsamvatsare, you need to pronounce and emphasize the name Samvatsar instead of Amuk. If the name of the Samvatsara is Saumya, then it will be pronounced as Soumyanamsamvatsare. In the same way pronounce the name of the day in Amukwasare, the name of your gotra in Amukgotra, and your name in Amuknamah.
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If you’re observing a fast on the first, second, or third day, replace ‘Etasu Navatithishu’ with the day of the fast. For example, if a resolution is to be made on the seventh day, the mantra will be as follows:
Om vishnuh vishnuh vishnuh, adya brahmano vayasah parardhe shrishvetavarahakalpe jambudvipe bharatavarshe, amukanamasamvatsare chaitrashuklapratipadi amukavasare prarabhamane navaratraparvani saptamyam tithau akhilapapakshayapurvaka-shruti-smrrityukta-punyasamaveta-sarvasukhopalabdhaye samyamadiniyaman drridhm palayan amukagotrah amukanamaham bhagavatyah durgayah prasadaya vratam vidhasye!!
Shodashopchar Poojan Sankalp Mantra
If you intend to do Shodashopachara Puja during Navratri, take a daily Puja Sankalp using the mantra provided below:
Om vishnuh vishnuh vishnuh, adya brahmano vayasah parardhe shrishvetavarahakalpe jambudvIpe bharatavarshe, amukanamasamvatsare chaitrashuklapratipadi amukavasare navaratraparvani akhilapapakshayapurvakashruti-smrrityukta-punyasamaveta-sarvasukhopalabdhaye amukagotrah amukanamaham bhagavatyah durgayah shodashopachara-pujanam vidhasye !!
The Mythological Story and the Form of Goddess Shailputri
Goddess Shailputri is one of the nine forms of Goddess Durga, worshipped during the festival of Navratri. She wears a half-moon on her forehead and has a trishul in her right hand and a lotus flower in her left. Her ride is a Bull named Nandi.
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Goddess Shailputri was the wife of Lord Shiva and the daughter of Daksha in her former life, according to folklore. Daksha once hosted a Mahayagya to which he invited all the deities except Lord Shiva. Goddess Sati, the previous form of Goddess Shailputri, was also growing impatient to attend the Mahayagya. On this, Lord Shiva informed him that he had not been invited and that it would be inappropriate to show up somewhere uninvited. however, Goddess Sati began demanding beyond borders, Lord Shiva granted her permission to visit her home. She arrived at her house to find a sense of scorn for her husband, and Daksha also used disrespectful language toward her. Goddess Sati, unable to bear the dishonor of her husband and herself by her own father, jumped into the fire of the Yagya and burned herself to ashes. Lord Shiva was enraged at this, and he demolished the Yagya.
Years later, after several births, Lord Shiva’s Sati was born in the household of King Himavat of the Shailraj Mountains in the following life. As a result, she was given the name Shailputri. She is also known as Hemavati, and since she rides a bull, her other name is Vrisharudha.
First Day Of Navratri: Worshiping Goddess Shailputri, Bhog, and Mantras
According to beliefs, devotees who worship Goddess Shailputri according to the laws and regulations receive all types of bliss, including a happily married life. Along with this, the difficulties in their marriage are removed, and all of their wishes are granted.
Bhog For Goddess Shailputri
According to religious beliefs, cow’s ghee and products manufactured from cow’s ghee should be donated to Goddess Shailputri as Bhog. Mata Rani is pleased with the offerings and wishes her worshippers a healthy and happy life.
Mantra to Worship Goddess Shailputri
Om devi shailaputryai namah ||
Vande va-nchitalabhaya chandrardhakrritashekharam |
Vrrisharudham shuladharam shailaputrim yashasvinim ||
Ya Devi Sarvabhuteshu Maa Shailputri Rupen Sansthita ||
Namastasyai Namastasyai Namastasyai Namo Namah ||
Goddess Shailputri As Per Astrology
Goddess Shailputri represents the Moon in Vedic astrology. As a result, it is thought that by worshipping them, the moon gains strength in the horoscope and one is liberated from the moon’s unfavorable influences.
Zodiac-Wise Remedies To Perform On The First Day Of Navratri
- Light scented incense sticks and a lamp made of cow’s ghee.
- Donate wheat and rice to poor and needy people.
- On this day, worship Lord Shiva to bring happiness and harmony into your household.
- Donate white items like sugar, milk, curd, etc. to needy people or in any temple.
- Chant the mantra “Om Devi Shailputryai Namah”.
- Offer Durva (Dub grass) to Goddess Shailputri and first worshiper Lord Ganesha.
- Offer Motichoor laddoos to Goddess Shailputri as Prasad.
- The Moon belongs to Goddess Shailputri, and since the Moon owns the Cancer zodiac, they should honor the Moon God on this day. Chant “Om Shraam Shraum Shraum Sah Chandramse Namah” as well.
- On this day, meditate because Goddess Shailputri governs the Mooladhara Chakra, which will aid in bringing happiness and harmony into family life.
- Fill a vase with water, add rose petals, a copper coin, or a copper piece, and offer it to the Sun.
- Offer sweets made of jaggery as bhog.
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- Give a cow to a religious institution or feed a cow green fodder or bananas.
- Offer fruits to Goddess Shailputri as bhog.
- Offer perfume or scented incense sticks to Goddess Shailputri.
- Recite Goddess Shailputri Kavach.
- Due to the water element and the moon’s debilitated zodiac, practice yoga, and meditation. This clears the air of negativity.
- Offer Goddess Shailputri red or orange flowers.
- Make sweets made of milk and light a lamp of cow’s ghee.
- Recite the Goddess Shailputri Strota.
- Recite Durga Aarti and Maa Shailputri Aarti.
- Donate clothes or other essential things to needy people.
- Offer kheer and puri to the needy people.
- Don’t be lazy and keep your surroundings tidy and happy.
- Offer sweets made of jaggery to Goddess Shailputri and light a lamp of pure ghee.
- Chant the Stuti mantra of Maa Shailputri “Ya Devi Sarvabhuteshu Maa Shailputri Rupen Sansthita”.
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