Makar Sankranti : Pujan Vidhi & All the Associated Rituals

Makar Sankranti is considered to be a major festival of the followers of Hinduism. As per astrological beliefs, the day on which the Sun enters Capricorn zodiac sign is known as Makar Sankranti. This year, the festival of Makar Sankranti is going to be celebrated on January 14, Thursday. Sankranti means the transit of the Sun from one zodiac sign to another zodiac sign. Since it is transiting in Capricorn zodiac sign, it is known as Makar Sankranti.      

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The Sun advances towards the north direction on this very day. Owing to the movement of the Sun, the days in the northern hemisphere start getting longer and the nights getting shorter. Besides this, the weather change from the day of Makar Sankranti is also observed.   

Makar Sankranti 2021 : Date and Shubh Muhurat

January 14, 2021 i.e. Thursday

Makar Sankranti Puja Muhurat For New Delhi, India

Punya Kaal Muhurat :08:03:07 to 12:30:00

Duration :4 Hour 26 Minute

Mahapunya Kaal Muhurat :08:03:07 to 08:27:07

Duration :0 Hour 24 Minute

Sankranti Moment :08:03:07

Click here to know about the Shubh Muhurat of your city.

Importance of Makar Sankranti 

As per the beliefs of Hinduism, auspicious works like marriage, home entrance, buying a new vehicle, building a house, buying a house, Mundan etc. start taking place with the transit of the Sun in Capricorn. Besides this, performing donation holds immeasurable significance on this very day. One who donates as per his/her financial ability, is blessed with auspicious fruits.     

As per religious beliefs, it is said that those who donate items related to Lord Sun on this very day, remain blessed by his grace. Also, they attain the special grace of Saturn if  items made up of sesame are offered on the same day. Makar Sankranti is also considered to be special for the arrival of a new crop cycle and season.    

This festival is mainly celebrated in Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu etc. Makar Sankranki is known by different names in different parts of the country. On one side, the day is celebrated as Lohri in Punjab and other north Indian states while on the other, it is known by the name of Magh or Bhogali Bihu in Assam. In Gujarat, it is known by the name of Uttarayan while the day is celebrated as Pongal in Tamil Nadu.  

Although the names are different, the meaning and significance of this festival are only one. The tradition of celebrating this festival is seen differently in different parts of the country. Some people participate in the competition of flying kites while some prepare tasty food and decorate their houses.    

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Religious Significance of Makar Sankranti 

  • This festival has been given religious and cultural significance. As per mythological beliefs, Lord Sun goes to the house of his son, Saturn (Shani Dev) on the day of Makar Sankranti. In astrology, Saturn is considered to be the ruling lord of Capricorn and Aquarius.  
  • As per the second legend associated with this festival, Lord Vishnu destroyed the demons on earth and made people free from their terror. He cut off the heads of the demons and buried them on Mandra Parvat. It is believed that the victory of Lord Vishnu began to be celebrated as Makar Sankranti festival since then. 
  • Besides this, as per one more belief associated with history, Bhishma Pitamah decided to sacrifice his body on the day of Makar Sankranti.  

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Makar Sankranti Puja Vidhi 

As per belief, it is considered that all the negative vibes, quarrels etc. vanish when Lord Sun goes to meet his son, Saturn. Lord Sun is specially venerated on this very day. It is believed that those who worship him with due rituals, get his blessings in the soonest possible time. Let us go through the exact remedies through which you can also attain his blessings by performing the same.   

  • Clean your house thoroughly before worshipping on the day of Makar Sankranti. 
  • Wear clean clothes after waking up early in the morning. 
  • Those who perform worship, should apply Tilak of Roli and rice flour on their forehead. 
  • After this, spread a piece of cloth on a plank and place the idol of Shani Dev on it.   
  • Further, offer Ladoos made up of sesame, Ghevar as Prasad and keep some money in a plate.  
  • Venerate Lord Sun with due rituals and light a lamp/Diya in his name. 
  • Recite the Path of Surya Mantra. 

Surya Mantra: ॐ ह्रां ह्रीं ह्रौं सः सूर्याय नमः। 

sūrya maṃtra: oṃ hrāṃ hrīṃ hrauṃ saḥ sūryāya namaḥ।

Surya Mantra:ॐ घृणि सूर्याय नमः!

      sūrya maṃtra:oṃ ghṛṇi sūryāya namaḥ!

  • Donate the needy after completing the rituals of worship. 

Pilgrimage and Fairs are Organized on the Occasion of Makar Sankranti

Fairs are organised on Makar Sankranti in parts of the country. Especially, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and parts of South India hold grand and beautiful fairs. Devotees come to take a bath in Ganga and other holy rivers and perform donations. As per mythological belief, Lord Krishna himself said whosoever dies on the day of Makar Sankranti, attains salvation and gets free from the circle of birth and death.    

History Associated with Makar Sankranti

As per prevailing legends associated with this festival, Gangaji followed Bhagiratha and reached the ocean by passing through the Ashram of Kapil Muni on the day of Makar Sankranti. Therefore, taking a bath in Ganga holds immeasurable significance on this day. The day is also considered to bring a change in atmosphere and some warmth is also felt. Then, there is the beginning of summer season after spring.       

As per other beliefs associated with Makar Sankranti, gods appear on earth on this day and take a bath in Ganga. Therefore, taking a bath in Ganga on this very day holds special significance. 

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Items to be Prepared on Makar Sankranti

The tradition of preparing things made up of jaggery and sesame has been going over the years. Both sesame and jaggery not only provide heat to the body but also give many other nutrients. Besides this, people prepare Prasad of Khichdi in parts of North India. Along with Khichdi, items like sesame chikki, Rewari, jaggery etc. are prepared and eaten on this very day.    

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