Nag Panchami 2021: Know the Significance, Rituals & Associated Legends

Call it the greatness of Sanatan Dharma or its compassion towards all living beings, because, in this religion, almost every living creature is worshipped, and is given a special place. Snakes have special significance in Sanatan Dharma. It is probably the only religion in the world in which a specific day is dedicated to snakes. This day is widely popular as Nag Panchami.

Since Nag Panchami is around the corner, we will enlighten you with the Tithi, importance, auspicious Muhurat, and rituals of this sacred day.

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When is Nag Panchami?

According to the Hindu Panchang, Nag Panchami is celebrated every year on the fifth day of Shukla Paksha of Sawan month. As per the English calendar, the Panchami tithi of the Sawan month will begin from Thursday, August 12, 2021, at 03:24 pm, and end on Friday, August 13, 2021, at 01:42 pm. 

     Nag Panchami Puja Muhurat – From 05:48 am to 08:27 am, on August 13, 2021

Duration: 2 hours 39 minutes

The above-mentioned Muhurat is applicable for New Delhi only. Click here to know the auspicious Muhurat of Nag Panchami 2021 as per your city.  

Let’s now dive into the importance of Nag Panchami

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Importance of Nag Panchami

Snakes have held a bad reputation among people since ancient times, but in Sanatan Dharma, Snakes are considered sacred. Lord Vishnu, the preserver of the universe, is also enthroned on Sheshnag, the incarnation of the snake. Vishnu Purana talks about Snakes through a discussion about Sheshnag. In Shiv Purana too, there is a discussion about a snake named Vasuki that Lord Shiva wears around his neck. Bhagavad Gita also mentions nine types of Snakes that should be worshipped. 


अनन्तं वासुकिं शेषं पद्मनाभं च कम्बलम् ।

शंखपालं धृतराष्ट्रं तक्षकं, कालियं तथा ।।

anantaṃ vāsukiṃ śeṣaṃ padmanābhaṃ ca kambalam ।

śaṃkhapālaṃ dhṛtarāṣṭraṃ takṣakaṃ, kāliyaṃ tathā ।।

It means we should worship snakes in nine forms, namely- Ananta, Vasuki, Shesha, Padmanabha, Kambal, Shankhapala, Dhritarashtra, Takshak and Kaliya. By doing so, one can overcome the fear of a snake and snakebite. 

Besides the wellbeing of snakes, Nag Panchami motivates people to protect the other living creatures on this planet. The importance of main serpents is mentioned in Devi Bhagwat. It is believed that the sages in ancient times have told the importance of worshipping the snakes and the methods of observing a fast to please them. On Nag Panchami, snakes are worshipped and then they are offered milk.

It is believed that if a person worships Lord Shiva along with Nag Devta on Nag Panchami and performs Rudrabhishek, they get rid of Kaal Sarp Dosha from their life. It also removes inauspiciousness created by Rahu and Ketu.

By bathing snakes and worshipping them on this day, one attains Akshay, the never-ending virtue. Along with this, it decreases the risk of snakebite from the life of the devotees. Also, by making a picture of a snake on the main door of the house on this day, one is blessed with the grace of Nag Devta, and all sorrows from their house get eliminated. 

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Astrological Significance of Nag Panchami

  • Nag Panchami is considered the day of worshipping snakes. It is celebrated in the Shravan month, which is heart and soul of Lord Shiva. Snake resides around the neck of Lord Shiva, therefore, worshipping snakes on this day is very effective.
  • According to astrology, Nag Panchami is most suitable for the people who have Kaal Sarp Dosha or Shani and Rahu Dosh in their horoscope. Performing Rudrabhishek, worshipping Lord Shiva, and taking measures to rectify the above-mentioned Dosh on this day is considered beneficial.
  • Worshipping on Nag Panchami also provides benefits if Rahu and Ketu are present in the horoscope.
  • Worshipping on Nag Panchami gives good fruits to people born in Ashlesha Nakshatra. Nakshatra Calculator To Find Your Birth-Star, Click now!
  • If the fifth house is afflicted in the birth chart, or there is a problem related to children, or if Kaal Sarp Dosh is in the house of children, snakes should be worshipped on Nag Panchami.

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Rituals of Performing Worship on Nag Panchami

  • Eight serpents are primarily worshipped on Nag Panchami, i.e. Ananta, Vasuki, Padma, Mahapadma, Takshak, Kulir, Karkat, and Shankh.
  • A day before Nag Panchami i.e., on Chaturthi Tithi, eat only once a day.
  • On the morning of Nag Panchami, wake up early, take a bath, and wear clean clothes. Observe a fast.
  • Make snakes on both sides of the door of your house with cow dung on the day of Nag Panchami.
  • Offer curd, Durva, Gandha, Kusha, Akshat, flowers, Modak, and Malpua, etc. to this serpent/snake. 
  • Serve food to Brahmins on this day and observe a fast to eradicate the fear of snakes. (However, if you cannot feed Brahmins at home, keep aside Dakshina in their name and donate it in a temple.)
  • Worshipping and bathing a snake with milk on this day also helps in overcoming the fear of snakes.
  • Turmeric must be included in the items of worship.
  • Worship Nag Devta by offering turmeric, red vermilion, rice, and flowers to him.
  • Then mix unboiled milk, ghee, and sugar in a vessel and offer it to Nag Devta.
  • Offer Dakshina to a snake charmer if possible.
  • Chant this Mantra on this day-

‘अनन्तं वासकिं शेषं पद्मकम्बलमेव च।तथा कर्कोटकं नागं नागमश्वतरं तथा।।

धृतराष्ट्रंं शंखपालं कालाख्यं तक्षकं तथा। पिंगलञ्च महानागं प्रणमामि मुहुर्मुरिति।।’ 

‘anantaṃ vāsakiṃ śeṣaṃ padmakambalameva ca।tathā karkoṭakaṃ nāgaṃ nāgamaśvataraṃ tathā।।

dhṛtarāṣṭraṃṃ śaṃkhapālaṃ kālākhyaṃ takṣakaṃ tathā। piṃgalañca mahānāgaṃ praṇamāmi muhurmuriti।।’

  • Cooking anything in an iron pan is considered forbidden on this day.
  • Apart from this, make an emulsion of wheat and milk and offer it with roasted gram, paddy slag, and roasted barley to the snakes with devotion.
  • Listen to the legend of Nag Panchami after worshipping. Break the fast in the evening. 

Nag Panchami and Lord Krishna

According to a legend about Nag Panchami associated with Lord Krishna, once Lord Krishna’s ball fell in the river while playing with friends. This was the same river where Kaliya Nag resided. Krishna jumped into the river to get his ball. Kaliya Nag attacked Lord Krishna, but Krishna taught a good lesson to him. Kaliya Nag apologised to him and promised not to harm any villager ever in the future. Lord Krishna’s victory over Kaliya Nag is also celebrated as Nag Panchami.

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Importance of Nag Panchami Puja

It is believed that Naglok started burning once due to maternal curses. To get rid of this agony, snakes were bathed with cow milk on Nag Panchami. The cooling effect of cow milk pacifies the agony caused by the fire and helps the devotees in getting rid of snake fear. Those who fast and worship sincerely on Nag Panchami, both Sheshnag and Vasuki, pray to Lord Hari and Lord Shiva for them. Pleased with this prayer, Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu fulfil all the wishes of such devotees.

Some Important Do’s and Don’ts On Nag Panchami

  • Ploughing the field is prohibited on Nag Panchami.
  • Always use a picture of Nag Devta or an idol made of clay or metal for Nag Puja. Read the complete blog to know why real serpents should not be worshipped.
  • Apart from this, you can also offer milk, paddy, and durva on this day. If possible, buy snakes from snake charmer on this day and set them free.

Worship only Snake Portrait/Idol on this Day, Not a Real Snake

It is noted that people in many places worship snakes caught by snake charmers, which is wrong. We will tell you the reason behind it. Snake charmers break the teeth of the snakes they catch, due to which the snakes are unable to hunt. This leaves them famished. 

After this, the hungry snake starts drinking the offered milk like water. But due to this milk, the wounds in the snake’s mouth worsen (wounds caused by breaking teeth), and the snake dies in the end. People should understand that most snakes are non-vegetarian. Keeping this in mind, people should not worship real and living snakes but their pictures or idols.

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