Govatsa Dwadashi : Whom to Venerate on This Day?

The Dwadashi falling in Krishna Paksha is known by the name of Govatsa Dwadashi. It is also known as Bach Baras in several parts of the country. This day is known as Vagh Baras in Gujarat. This festival falls after Ekadashi. The tradition of venerating a cow mother and her calf has been defined on this very day.  

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Govatsa Dwadashi of this year

November 12, 2020 i.e. Thursday

Pradosh Kaal Govatsa Dwadashi Muhurat – From 05:28 PM upto 08:07 PM

Duration – 02:39 Hours

Commencement of Dwadashi Tithi – November 12, 2020 From 12:40 PM

End of Dwadashi – November 12, 2020 upto 09:30 PM

The worship of this day is performed at dusk. It is the time when the Sun doesn’t rise completely. Women observe the fast on this very day. This fast is considered to be extremely beneficial and fruitful for those women who are willing to be blessed with a son.

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Importance of Govatsa Dwadashi 

Women observe this fast for the well being, good health of their sons and also, to be blessed with a son. On this day, women create the idols of wet clay of cow, calf, tiger, tigress etc., place the same i.e. idols at one place and venerate with due rituals.

Pujan Vidhi of Govatsa Dwadashi Vrat

  • This fast of this day is observed without having anything.
  • On this day, women clean and leap the courtyard of their house and then make a Rangoli. Further, the clay idol of cow is erected in the same Rangoli and is venerated with sandalwood (Chandan), Akshat, Dhoop, Diya, Naivedya, etc.
  • Keep in  mind to avoid the use of rice in the worship of this very day.
  • On this day, you can use the rice of Kakun in worship.
  • Chana lentils must be prepared on the day of Govatsa Dwadashi in food. Those women who observe fast, can not eat any kind of grains like wheat, rice. In addition to this, those women who observe the fast can neither consume milk nor eat things made up of milk. 

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Significance of Cow Pujan

As per Hinduism, cow mother is considered above all pilgrimages. In addition to this, a cow attains the status of mother and she can’t be compared with any deities or pilgrimage.

In this pretext, it is believed that only Darshan of a cow mother can give such virtues which are not attained even through fruitful Yagyas, donations and pious deeds. There is a belief among people that if a person wishes to please all the deities and his/her ancestors, there can not be any ritual greater than cow devotion or cow service.

It is believed that food offered to cows, reaches directly to the deities. Women observe the fast of Bach Baras or Govatsa Dwadashi wholeheartedly and sincerely for the well being, long life of their sons, happiness of their family and also, to be blessed with a son. There is a tradition of making chapatis of millet and vegetable of sprouted grains. Besides this, buffalo or goat milk is used instead of cow’s milk on this very day.

The fast of Govatsa Dwadashi falls on the day of Krishna Dwadashi in Kartik, Vaishakh and Shravan months. The tradition of venerating a Vats clan has been defined. In this pretext, Moong and millet (Bajra) are sprouted on this very day. After this, the calf is beautifully adorned in the evening. Those women who observe this fast have to eat Moong, millet etc. which is sprouted on this very day.  

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Legend Concerning Govatsa Dwadashi

There used to be a kingdom named Suvarnapura in ancient times. Devdani was the king of this kingdom. He would have a cow, a calf and a buffalo. He had two queens. One queen was named Sita while the other was Geeta. Where on one hand, Sita liked buffalo very much, while on the other, Geeta loved cow and calf. 

Once, a buffalo tells her queen Sita that Gita does not love her because of a cow and her calf. Sita heard buffalo and assured her of making everything right. Then, Sita cut the cow’s calf and buried it in a heap of wheat. This thing was not known to anyone for a long time, but as soon as the king sat down to eat food, the rain of meat began.

The pieces of the cow’s body and blood appeared everywhere in the palace. The food present on the plate turned into feces and no one could even believe what was happening and the king started worrying.

The voice was heard from the blues that queen Sita killed the cow’s calf and buried her in a heap of wheat and this disaster has taken place owing to the same. The shocked king asked how to repent for this sin. Then, the voice was again from the blues and asked to venerate the cow and her calf by taking out buffalo on Govatsa Dwadashi, which was falling on the very next day. Keep in mind to avoid eating cut fruits and consuming milk and this will help you emancipate from sin and the calf will get its breath again.

The king venerated the cow with due ritual in the evening of the very next day and remembered the calf with absolute sincerity and devotion. After performing this, the calf came out from the heap of wheat and stood before the cow. Seeing this, everybody got highly pleased and from the very time, the king ordered everyone to observe the fast of Govatsa Dwadashi.

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