Govardhan Puja: Know Pujan Vidhi, Significance & Associated Rituals!

So, by now it has been told multiple times that the festival of Diwali brings multiple other joyous festivities with it. Among all the festivals, one such festival is Govardhan Puja, which is celebrated on the very next day of Diwali. It can be called the day dedicated to worshipping nature and it was started by Lord Shri Krishna himself.  

On this day, the tradition of worshipping Govardhan Parvat is followed and the worship of cows is performed socially. Govardhan Puja began with Brij and has got popular gradually over a period of time all across India. This year, Govardhan Puja will be observed on November 15.   

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Govardhan Puja Muhurat – November 15, 2020

Govardhan Puja Parv Tithi – November 15, 2020 i.e. Sunday

Govardhan Puja Sayankal Muhurat : 15:17 to 17:24

Commencement of Pratipada Tithi – November 15, 2020 from 10:36 Hours

End of Pratipada Tithi – November 16, 2020 upto 07:05 Hours

How to perform Govardhan Puja’s Annakut?

In Veda Puranas, the tradition of worshipping Bhagwan Varun and Agni has been stated on this day. On this day, the cows are adorned and then, their Aarti is performed. Further, they are offered with fruits, flowers, sweets etc. After this, the shape of Govardhan Parvat is formed with cow dung and then, it is worshipped with flowers, Dhoop(incense sticks), lamps etc. On this day, several kinds of scrumptious delicacies are prepared.  

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 Rituals to be Followed on Govardhan Puja

  • Wake up early in the morning, apply oil on your body and then, take a bath. 
  • Create a shape of Govardhan Parvat with cow dung at the main entrance of the house. 
  • Along with Govardhan Parvat made of cow dung, create the shape of Gwal-Baal, trees and plants.  
  • Install the idol of Lord Krishna exactly in the middle of the mountain idol.
  • Worship Gwal-Bal and Govardhan Parvat with the Shodashopachara Vidhi.
  • Offer dishes prepared on this very day as Bhog. 
  • After this, listen to the legend of Govardhan Puja and distribute Prasad among others and then finally have your meal. 

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Significance of Govardhan Puja

As per beliefs, Govardhan Puja is considered to be highly auspicious in order to be blessed with a child. Perform the following rituals while venerating on this very day.

  • Prepare Panchamrit by mixing milk, curd, honey, sugar etc. on this very day. 
  • Add Gangajal and Tulsi in the same i.e. Panchamrit.
  • Fill the Panchamrit in conch and offer the same to Lord Krishna. 
  • Recite ‘क्लीं कृष्ण क्लीं’ 11 times.
  • Further, take the Panchamrit. Owing to the same, it is believed that one’s desire of being blessed with a child gets fulfilled.

In addition to this, if you perform Govardhan Puja in order to have financial benefits and prosperity, then do the following: 

  • First of all, give a bath to a cow and apply Tilak.
  • Offer fruits, fodder and sweets to the cow.
  • After this, take 7 rounds around the cow.
  • Further, take some soil from a cow’s Khur (hoof) and keep it safe in a glass bottle.

Govardhan Puja in Mythology

It is said that when Lord Indra induced heavy rainfall in order to show his powers then Lord Krishna kept the Govardhan Parvat on his finger for seven days to protect the people of Braj from that heavy rainfall. Owing to this, the powers of Lord Indra seemed to have reduced and along with this, not a single drop of rain fell on the people of Braj with the effect of Lord Krishna’s Sudarshan Chakra.    

As Lord Krishna kept the Govardhan Parvat on his finger, all the Gop-Gopis, Gwal-Bal, animals and birds were happy under it and the same i.e. Govardhan Parvat protected them from heavy downpour. Seeing this, Lord Brahma told Indra Dev that Lord Krishna has taken a birth on earth and it is not right to go against his grace. 

Lord Indra felt extremely bad after knowing about the Lord Shri Krishna and tendered an apology for his act. Then, Lord Krishna put the Govardhan Parvat down on the seventh day and ordered to celebrate the festival of Annakut after performing Govardhan Puja every year. It is believed that Govardhan Puja, which is also known as the festival of  Annakut, started.   

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Legend/Katha Related to Govardhan Puja

There is a mention of Govardhan Puja in Vishnu Purana. As per beliefs, Lord Indira got arrogant of his powers. In this pretext, Lord Krishna played a trick to destroy his arrogance. Once, everybody was preparing several kinds of dishes in Gokul and was dancing and singing in extreme joy.  

Seeing this, Lord Krishna asked his mother Yashodha which festival she was going to celebrate. The mother replied that she was going to worship Dev Raj Indra. Further, he asked why Lord Indra is worshipped.  

Then, she replied that heavy downpour takes place with the grace of Lord Indra and it is helpful in the growth of agriculture and fodder is obtained for animals. After hearing this, Lord Krishna said that they should venerate Govardhan Parvat in the same pretext as cows get food through the trees and plants planted over there and rain takes place with the same i.e. trees and plants.

People of Gokul started venerating the Govardhan Parvat after hearing to Lord Krishna. Seeing this, Lord Indra became very angry and did a heavy rainfall to avenge his insult. This rainfall was so destructive that people of Gokul got highly scared. Then, Lord Krishna lifted Govardhan Parvat on his finger and told everyone to come and stand under it. 

The rainfall continued for 7 days and Lord Krishna kept the Govardhan Parvat on his finger for the same period and nobody in Gokul got affected. Then, Lord Indra came to know that his powers could be controlled by an ordinary man.   

In this pretext, when he came to know that it was Lord Krishna who protected everyone from rain and other troubles, he tendered his apology and offered Bhog after venerating Murlidhar. Since then, the worship of Govardhan Parvat started. 

For your knowledge, the Parikrama of Govardhan Parvat holds special significance on the day of Govardhan Puja. Govardhan is in the state of Mathura. Lakhs of devotees come here at the time of Govardhan Puja. 

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Importance of Annakut Festival over Govardhan Puja 

The festival of Annakut is celebrated in temples on the day of Govardhan Puja. Annakut means mixture of grains which is offered as Bhog to Lord Krishna. At some places, Khichadee of millet (Bajra) is prepared while at some other places, there is a tradition of preparing Puri etc. Further, these things are distributed among devotees as Prasad after worship. During the festival of Annakut, there is also a belief of performing Jagran in temples. People wish for a prosperous life after the worship of Lord Krishna. 

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