Dhanteras : Muhurat, Significance & Yamadeepdaan Pujan Vidhi!

According to Indian religious scriptures and astrology, the festival of Dhanteras will be celebrated on Friday, the 13th of November this year. It is said that on this day Lord Dhanvantari originated from the Sagar Manthan(the divine churning of nectar) with a Kalash(urn), hence this day is known as Dhanteras.

When Dhanvantari appeared, he had an urn full of nectar in his hands. Lord Dhanvantari had appeared with the urn(Kalash) and that is why it is a tradition to buy utensils on this occasion.

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According to a general belief, it is also believed that this day’s auspiciousness increases to a great extent by buying things on this day. On this occasion, people buy coriander seeds and keep them in the house. Once Diwali is over, these seeds are sown by people in their gardens or fields following the norms laid down by the scriptures. Also it is believed that by offering Yama-Deepdan on this day, the fear of premature death prevalent in a person’s life gets created. This is the only day in the whole year when Yamraj, the god of death, is worshiped only by offering a lamp.

Some people also make the offerings of lamps on the day of Narak Chaturdashi. It is a tradition to shop on this day. According to Skanda Purana, by doing this on this day, the fear of premature death ends from a person’s mind and life. In the whole year, Yamraj, the god of death, is worshiped on the day of Dhanteras and Roop Chaturdashi. On this day, lamps are lit in the south direction of the house for Yamraj in the evening. It is believed that by doing this, Yamraj is pleased with the people living in that house and no premature dealth’s fear lurks around the family members.

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kārtikasyāsite pakṣe trayodaśyāṃ niśāmukhe ।

yamadīpaṃ bahirdadyādapamṛtyurviniśyati ।।

कार्तिकस्यासिते पक्षे त्रयोदश्यां निशामुखे ।

यमदीपं बहिर्दद्यादपमृत्युर्विनिश्यति ।।

Meaning – Keeping a lamp for the purpose of offering to Lord Yama outside the house in the evening on the Tithi of Trayodashi of Krishna Paksha of Kartik month, removes the fear of premature death prevalent inside the person and gives him/her the courage to live a happy life

Padma Purana

kārtikasyāsite pakṣe trayodaśyāṃ tu pāvake।

yamadīpaṃ bahirdadyādapamṛtyurvinaśyati।।

कार्तिकस्यासिते पक्षे त्रयोदश्यां तु पावके।

यमदीपं बहिर्दद्यादपमृत्युर्विनश्यति।।

Meaning – On the Trayodashi Tithi of Krishna Paksha of Kartik month, one should light a lamp outside the house for Yamraj, away from the household as it removes the fear of pre mature death from one’s life. 

Yama Deep Daan Mantra 

mṛtyunā pāśadaṇḍābhyāṃ kālena śyāmayā saha |

trayodaśyāṃ dīpadānāt sūryajaḥ prīyatāṃ mama ||

मृत्युना पाशदण्डाभ्यां कालेन श्यामया सह |

त्रयोदश्यां दीपदानात् सूर्यजः प्रीयतां मम ||

This basically means that on the occasion of Dhanatrayodashi, I offer this lamp to the Sun’s son, the God Yama. I ask him to free me from the fear of death and bless me with prosperity.

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Dhanteras Puja Shubh Muhurat

According to some of the senior most astrologers of AstroSage, just like every day in the English calendar consists of 24 hours, similarly in the Hindu calendar, every date or Tithi is made of 24 hours. Now, due to the constant changes in the movements of planets and Nakshatras many times, the Tithis also alter. Such a similar thing will be happening this year with the five-day long festival of Diwali, when the Kartik Krishna Trayodashi Tithi will begin on Thursday, November 12 at 09:30 pm, ending the next day which is, Friday, November 13 at 06 :01 pm . Therefore, in the year 2020, the festival of Dhanteras will be celebrated on 13 November on the Udaya Tithi.

On Thursday, November 12, the Trayodashi Tithi will begin at 9.30 and come to an end on the evening of November 13, at 21.30 pm. For this reason, it will be auspicious to celebrate the festival of Dhanteras on the Pradosh Vyapini Tithi on Friday.  

Trayodashi Tithi Begins –  November 12, 2020 at 21:30

Trayodashi Tithi Begins  – November 12, 2020 at 17:59

Now let’s talk about the auspicious Muhurat to conduct the Puja of Dhanteras. So, the auspicious time to begin the Puja of Dhanteras will start from 5.27 pm in Amrit Muhurat and remain valid till 5.59 pm on November 13. Worshiping in this auspicious time will be considered fruitful. At the same time, if someone donates a lamp, it will also be quite auspicious.

Dhanteras Shubh Puja Muhurat  -17:27 से 17:59

Along with this, Krishna Chaturdashi Tithi will begin on November 13, Friday at 06 : 01 pm in the evening and it will end on November 14, Sunday afternoon at 02 :20 pm. Therefore, the festival of Narak Chaturdashi i.e. Choti Diwali will be celebrated on Udaya Tithi, which means that in the year 2020, Narak Chaturdashi will be celebrated on 14 November 2020 along with Choti Diwali.

Shubh Muhurat for Shopping During Dhanteras 

The first Muhurat for shopping on Dhanteras is from 7 am to 10 am on 13 November, while the second Muhurat will be from 1 pm to 2.30 pm and the third Muhurat is from 5:27 am to 5:59 pm in the evening.

Yamadeepdaan on Dhanteras : The Correct Puja Vidhi

  • The Yamadeepdaan should be done during Pradosh Kaal.
  • For this, take a big lamp made of flour. A lamp made of wheat flour has the ability to soothe the toxic energy waves and the catastrophic negativity (these waves are responsible for premature death).
  • Thereafter,make two long lights to burn with the help of clean cotton. Place them crosswise in the lamp, in such a way that four faces of lights appear outside the lamp.
  • Now fill it with sesame oil and also add some black sesame seeds to it.
  • During the Pradosh Kaal, worship the lamp prepared in this way with Roli, Akshat and flower. After this, place the lamp on, a heap of wheat outside the main door of the house. 
  • Before placing the lamp, light it and look at the south direction (south direction is nutritious for Yama Taranga(waves), that is, Yama Taranga (waves) are attracted and projected more from south direction.
  •  Chant ‘Om Yamadeva Namah‘ and offer your greetings in the south direction.

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