Bargad Tree: The Benefactor Of Peace, Prosperity & Health

There is a well-known incident related to the childhood of Jagdish Chandra Basu, the world-famous botany scientist. As per the incident, Basu was trying to get a ball entangled in a tree in the evening. Seeing him doing so, his mother kept on advising him to get down the tree as it too has life and goes to sleep in the evening. At this, he was surprised because trees and plants were not considered equivalent to living beings in that era. Later, he proved to the world through his experiments and research that the plants not only have life but also feel pained.         

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Although this discovery took place in the 19th century, tress and plants have been held in high esteem as living beings in Sanatan Dharma over centuries. This discovery also proves that Sanatan Dharma is based on scientific methods. The trees and plants are considered equivalent to god in our Shastra, Puranas, and Vedas. Among all the trees, we are stressing on the significance Bargad tree in this blog.      

Bargad In Sanatan Dharma

Green, old, and giant Banyan trees could be easily seen in the villages and towns sometimes back. Most of the people worshipped it, children played under its shadow, and travellers and old aged people found shelter under it. With the increase in population, Bargad trees started decreasing in numbers. In cities, you will hardly spot any Bargad tree and even in the villages, there is a dearth of it. In spite of all this, it has been given immeasurable importance in Sanatan Dharma.

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Bargad tree is also known as Vat Vriksha. In one of the Shlokas of Vamana Purana, we have the reference of the birth of this tree.  

यक्षाणामधिस्यापि मणिभद्रस्य नारद, वटवृक्ष: समभव तस्मिस्तस्य रति: सदा॥

इस श्लोक के मुताबिक यक्षों के राजा मणिभद्र से वट वृक्ष की उत्पत्ति हुई। /

yakṣāṇāmadhisyāpi maṇibhadrasya nārada, vaṭavṛkṣa: samabhava tasmistasya rati: sadā॥

isa śloka ke mutābika yakṣoṃ ke rājā maṇibhadra se vaṭa vṛkṣa kī utpatti huī। 

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At the time of the creation of the universe, it is believed that the Lotus flower emerged from the navel of Lord Vishnu. Likewise, other deities also created plants and trees. Out of these deities, Manibhadra created this Vat Vriksha, known as Bargad tree. Also, it is known by other names such as ‘Yakshavaas’, ‘Yakshataru’, ‘Yakshavaruka’.   

In Sanatan Dharma, 5 kinds of banyan trees are considered highly auspicious such as Akshayavat, Panchavat, Vanshivat, Gayavat, and Siddha Vat. Through the Shloka in Skanda Purana, we can get to know how sacred is Vat Vriksha for the followers of Sanatan Dharma. The verse follows:

अश्वत्थरूपी विष्णु: स्याद्वरूपी शिवो यत:॥

aśvattharūpī viṣṇu: syādvarūpī śivo yata:॥


Peepal, the incarnation of Lord Vishnu, while Bargad, is of Lord Shiva

Bargad tree has got the status of Lord Shiva in Sanatan Dharma. At the same time, it is also believed that the energy of Tridev resides in the tree. In addition to this, it is believed that Brahma, the creator, rests in its roots; Vishnu, the protector, in the middle of it; Shiva, the destroyer, at the top of it. Another belief is that Lord Krishna appeared before Markandeya on the Akshaya Vat leaves at the time of disaster.    

We find the reference of the Bargad tree in both the revered scriptures such as Ramayana and Mahabharata. Besides this, there is also a mention of the Bargad tree in other scriptures as Yajurveda, Atharvaveda, Satapatha Brahmana, Aitareya Brahmana, Maha Upanishad, Subhashitavali, Manusmriti.  

Cutting Bargad tree is considered equal to murdering one’s son. The worship of this tree helps in attaining peace, prosperity, and tranquility. The importance of Vat Vriksha is not only from a religious point of view but also concerned with the environment and human health. Let us have a view of it also.     

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Importance of Bargad In Ayurveda

Bargad tree is not only worshipped but every part of it is significant in Ayurvedic medicines. Its bark, leaves, roots, and trunk, etc. play a pivotal role in Ayurveda. It cures diseases related to nose, ears, hair, etc. Along with it, the blood vomiting is also treated with the medicine prepared by Bargad tree.        

It is also important for the purification of environment. It is said that it emits oxygen in the atmosphere for 20 hours in a day. Several birds weave their nests on this tree because of its denseness. 

It is because of this very reason that Bragad tree is considered worth-worshipping. The significance of Vat Vriksha is not only confined to Sanatan Dharma. It is also believed that Savitri infused new life into her husband, Satyavan. She herself resides in Bargad tree. Every year, as per the Hindu Panchang, the festival of Vat Savitri is celebrated on Amavasya Tithi of Krishna Paksha in Jyeshtha month.      

Married women observe fast on the day of Vat Savitri for the long life of their husbands. However, this fast is also observed by several unmarried girls and widows. This tradition has been prevailing over a long period of time and the women are being blessed for the success of their desires. The relation between the trees and the human beings can be visualized only in Sanatan Dharma.  

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