Navratri Arrives Soon! Here’s All you Need to Know

Chaitra Navratri is beginning from the 25th of March onwards. When it comes to festivities of Hindu religion and culture, Navratri happens to occupy a special place. Navratri is a word borrowed from the Sanskrit language, which can be translated as “ nine nights”.

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The nine forms or incarnations of Goddess Durga are worshipped during the nine nights. Each and every state add their special flavours to the celebrations of Navratri, but Goddess Durga’s reverence is the common thread that joins the dots of the country together.

The devotees of the Goddess try their level best to appease her during these nine nights of Navratri, for which they follow all the rites and rituals very religiously. They pray to her to eradicate all kinds of pains and sufferings from their lives. All throughout the nine days, people are seen fasting and praying to the Goddess and her different incarnations. Despite having such unquestionable faith on Maa Durga, many of you are unaware of many things pertaining to the Goddess and the festival of Navratri.

How many of you know why Kanya Pujan is organised during the last day of Navratri? What are the convenience mediums of the Goddess? Which offerings should be made to Maa Durga? What are the different colours associated with the nine days of Navratri and which Mantras should be chanted?

Most of the necessary information might not be at your disposal, which is why we have brought to you this Navratri special blog which is basically your guide to the Navratras. So, without any further delay, let us get going with this Navratri special write up.

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How Many Navratris are Celebrated in One Year?

As per the Devi Puran, four Navratri sessions arrive during the course of a year. Two of them are celebrated openly (Chaitra and Sharad) and the other two remain under the cover and are celebrated secretly (Asahd and Magh). The first Navratri arrives during the first month of the year according to the Hindu Calendar, which is Chaitra.

Accordingly, the second one is celebrated during Ashad, the third one in Ashwin and the last one during Magha.  Amongst the four, the one celebrated during Ashwin month is known as “ Sharad Navratri” and Chaitra is known as “Chaitra Navratri”, and considered to be the most prominent ones.

Navratri Dates This Year and Upcoming Ones 

Navratri 

2020 

2021 

2022 

Chaitra Navratri  

Wednesday, 25 March 2020 Tuesday, 13 April 2021 Saturday, 2 April 2022

Sharad Navratri 

Saturday, 17 October 2020 Thursday , 7 October 2021 Monday, 26 September 2022

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Chaitra Navratri : Scientific Importance

The Navratri taking place in a period of one year also arrive during the cusp of various seasons. The climate changes extensively during the Chaitra Navratri as the summer season seeps in.

Hence, there are quite a few risks of falling prey to various kinds of ailments. The fast observed during Navratri builds one immunity and the concerned native also acquires mental strength. One’s thoughts and the entire physique also gets purified.

Ghatasthapana on the First Day of Navratri. Why is it Observed?

The Puranas state that the Kalash or urn is a representation of Lord Vishnu. This is the reason why people commemorate the Kalasthapana before worshipping Goddess Durga.

How to Commemorate the Ghatasthapana?

On the first day of Navratri, auspicious time and way should be taken into account for the Ghatsthapana. Sow barley or wheat in an earthen pot or construct a clay altar at the place of worship. Now take another kalash or earthen vessel and tie a molly on its neck and apply tilak on it and fill it with water. Put akshat, betel nut, coin etc. in the urn. Now take a coconut and wrap it in red cloth.

Tie the coconut and the cloth with a Raksha Sutra. After preparing these things, clean a piece of land and place a vessel containing barley, after that place a vase full of water, then place coconut on the lid of the urn. Now Ghatasthapana process is complete. Durga Mata and Shaligram should be worshiped by making a swastika symbol on the Kalash. Keep this urn in the temple for nine long days. Add water to the urn in the morning and evening as needed.

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Which Goddess should be Worshipped : Know the Chronology As per Tithis

  • Pratipada -Shailputri
  • Dwitiya – Brahmacharini
  • Tritiya – Chandraghanta
  • Chaturthi – Kushmanda
  • Panchami – Skandmata
  • Shashthi – Katyayani
  • Saptami –  Kalratri
  • Ashtami – Mahagauri
  • Navami – Siddhidatri

    The Solah Shringar ( 16 Items of MakeUp) of Goddess Durga

Vermilion or Bindi Vermilion Kohl Mehndi
Gajra( a floral head gear) Two red pieces of cloth Mang Tika nose ring
Earings Mangal Sutra Armlet Bangles
Ring Kamar Band( waist hip belt) Toe rings anklets

What are the Meanings of the Nine Names of Goddess Durga? 

  • Shailputri – The daughter of mountains
  • Brahmacharini – The one who practices Brahmacharya
  • Chandraghanta –  The one who shines like a moon
  • Kushmanda – The one whose legs spread all over the world
  • Skandamata – The Mother of Karthik Swami
  • Katyayani – The one born in the Katyayan Ashram
  • Kaalratri – The destroyer of evil/ bad time
  • Mahagauri – White coloured epitome of mother
  • Siddhidatri – One who gives all the successes.

If you wish to read the day wise details upcoming Navratras, then you can visit this page 

Why is Barley Sown During Navratri?

There is a very crucial reason behind sowing barley seeds during Navratri. This tradition signifies that jow or barley is a grain and it is a form of Lord Brahma and we should respect whatever we eat. Apart from this, religious considerations also state that barley was the first grain which came into existence in the Universe.

Why is Kanya Pujan Done During Navratri ? 

Small girls are considered to be an incarnation of Goddess Durga and are also believed to be a representation of positive energy. Hence, they are worshipped specifically during the nine days of Navratri.

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Classification of Girls as Goddesses on the Basis of their Age

  • Kalyani referred to a four year old girl
  • Rohini to a five year old girl,
  • Kalika, a six year old girl
  • Chandika to a seven-year-old girl,
  • Shambhavi, an eight-year-old girl
  • Durga and nine-year-old girl
  • A  ten-year-old girl is named Subhadra.

Why Boys are Referred to as Bhairav During kanya Pujan?

Lord Shiva has kept Bhairava along with the Shakti Peethas to serve Goddess Durga, which is why it is necessary to worship them while worshipping the Goddess. This is the reason why a small boy is also revered as Bhairav while conducting the Kanya Puja.

Ma’s Durga’s Vehicle Varies During the Nine Days

If the first day of Navratri happens to be Sunday or Monday, then Maa Durga comes riding on an elephant. If Navratri begins on Saturday and Tuesday, then she comes riding on a horse.

At the same time, if the day of Thursday and Friday happens to be the first day of Navratri, then the mother’s ride is a palanquin. And if Navratri starts from Wednesday, then mother Durga comes riding on a boat.

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What are the Different Vehicles of the Goddess? 

Elephant, horse, dolly, boat, rooster, buffalo, owl, donkey, her own foot, lion, swan, tiger, bull, garud, peacock

Which Modes of Maa Durga’s Convenience are Auspicious? 

  • Elephant – auspicious
  • Horse – inauspicious
  • Doli/Palanquin – inauspicious
  • Boat – auspicious
  • Cock- inauspicious
  • Barefoot – inauspicious
  • Donkey – inauspicious
  • Goose – auspicious
  • Leo -auspicious
  • Tiger – auspicious
  • Ox – auspicious
  • Garuda – inauspicious
  • Peacock – auspicious

    Which Colours Should be Used During Navratri?

  • Pratipada – yellow color
  • Dwitiya – Green color
  • Tritiya – Brown color
  • Chaturthi – Orange color
  • Panchami – White color
  • Shashthi – Red color
  • Saptami – Blue color
  • Ashtami – Pink color
  • Navami – Purple color

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Beej Mantras – For the Nine Days and Nine Goddesses

Day  Goddess  Mantra 
First Day Shailputri ह्रीं शिवायै नम:। /hrīṃ śivāyai nama:।
Second Day Brahmacharini ह्रीं श्री अम्बिकायै नम:।/hrīṃ śrī ambikāyai nama:।
Second Day Chandraghanta ऐं श्रीं शक्तयै नम:। / aiṃ śrīṃ śaktayai nama:।
Fourth Day Kushamanda ऐं ह्री देव्यै नम:।/aiṃ hrī devyai nama:।
Fifth Day Skandamata ह्रीं क्लीं स्वमिन्यै नम:।/ hrīṃ klīṃ svaminyai nama:।
Sixth Day Katyayani क्लीं श्री त्रिनेत्राय नम:।/klīṃ śrī trinetrāya nama:।
Seventh Day Kalratri क्लीं ऐं श्री कालिकायै नम:।/ klīṃ aiṃ śrī kālikāyai nama:।
Eighth Day Mahagauri श्री क्लीं ह्रीं वरदायै नम:।/śrī klīṃ hrīṃ varadāyai nama:।

 

Ninth Day Siddhidhatri ह्रीं क्लीं ऐं सिद्धये नम:। / hrīṃ klīṃ aiṃ siddhaye nama:।

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 Do not forget to Make these Offerings During the Navratri

Pratipada Dwitiya Tritiya Chaturthi Panchami Sashti Saptami Ashtami Navami
Cow’s Ghee Sugar Milk and milk made sweets Malpowa Bananas Honey Jaggery Coconut Sesame  seeds

Who is the Husband of Goddess Durga?

Goddess Durga is considered to be the consort of lord Shiva.

We hope that you like this blog of ours on Navratri. Thank you for connecting with us!!

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