This year, Narak Chaturdashi, or more commonly Choti Diwali, is falling on 27 October 2019. On this day, the devotees of Hindu religion worship Yamraj, the God of Death and ask him for safety from untimely death and good health. This day has many names throughout India, like Narak Chaudas or Roop Chaudas. The name Choti Diwali is prevalent because Narak Chaturdashi occurs a day before Diwali. On the night of Narak Chaturdashi, people light diyas (lamps) to banish the darkness of the night. Interestingly, this year, Narak Chaturrdashi and Diwali will occur on the same day. Although, generally Choti Diwali is the day before Diwali, however Chaturdashi Tithi will prevail till 12:25:25 and then Amavasya will start, which will end at 09:10:52 next morning. Therefore, devotees will celebrate both festivals on the same day, 27 October 2019.
Narak Chaturdashi Muhurat
|Abhyang Snan Timing||From 05:15:59 to 06:29:14|
|Duration||1 hour 13 minutes|
Narak Chaturdashi Puja Vidhi
- On this day, you should have your Isht Dev in your mind as you wake up.
- Like all other festivals of Hinduism, one should wake up before sunrise on this day and take a bath.
- Massage your body with sesame oil.
- Devotees pay homage to the God of Death on this day. Therefore, after your bath, sit while facing South, fold your hands, and worship Lord Yamraj. People believe that doing so removes the fear of hell (Narak) from our minds.
- Light a lamp (diya) on your main gate to please Lord Yamraj.
- One should also worship Lord Krishna during Choti Diwali. Doing so will increase the ethical virtues, qualities, and beauty of the person.
- After paying homage to the Gods and Goddesses, one should light numerous diyas (lamps) in and outside their house. Mythology suggests that doing so ensures that Goddess Lakshmi always resides in your home.
When Is Choti Diwali According to Hindu Panchang
Even though in this day and age, people are following and preferring the English Calendar in their day-to-day life. However, even today they celebrate all the festivals according to Hindu Panchang. According to it, Narak Chaturdashi celebrations will begin during the Arunodaya (1.5 hours before sunrise) on the Chaturdashi Tithi (fourteenth day) of Krishna Paksha of Kartik month. There is an ancient tradition of Yam Tarpan during Arunodaya on this day.
Mythological Tales Associated with Narak Chaturdashi
One story goes that Lord Krishna slaughtered a demon, Narakasura on the fourteenth day (Chaturdashi Tithi) of Kartik Month. All the people were delighted, and they lit diyas to express their joy. Ever since then, we celebrate Narak Chaturdashi on this day. Along with his wife, Satyabhama, Lord Krishna, on killing Narakasura, was able to save 16 thousand women of Lords and Saints. From then on, these sixteen thousand women became his wives.
According to another story, between the trayodashi tithi (thirteenth day) and Amavasya (new moon), Lord Vishnu in his Vamana avatar visited the most benevolent Asura King, Bali. When the king asked the dwarf brahman to ask for a boon, Lord Vishnu asked for the land that he covers in three steps. Finding the request trivial, the amused king agreed, despite the warnings of his guru, Shukracharya. Immediately, Lord Vishnu grew to cosmic-proportionate sizes and covered the entirety of the Earth, Heaven (Swarg), and Hell (Narak) in two steps.
Realizing who he is, Mahabali immediately offered his head to the Lord to place his third step on, despite knowing it will be destructive for him. Happy with his humility, although Lord Vishnu put his foot on Bali’s head and sent him to Patal (hell or Netherlands), but allowed him one boon. Bali, an immortal, asked the Lord, permission to visit his people and the lands he ruled once every year. The Lord agreed and said that whoever will celebrate Diwali and do Deep Daan on Narak Chaturdashi, they will save their ancestors from the pits of hell. Because of this, Narak Chaturdashi or Choti Diwali and Diwali celebrations occur throughout India with great pomp.